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Afghanistan Tops List of Least Peaceful Countries

The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) in its thirteenth edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness, ranked Afghanistan leader peaceful country in the World.
The GPI covered 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace using three thematic domains: the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict; the level of Security and Societal Safety; and the degree of Militarization.
In addition to presenting the findings from the 2019 GPI, this year’s report includes analysis of trends in Positive Peace: the institutions, attitudes and structures that create and sustain peaceful societies. It looks at the relationship between the actual peace of a country, as measured by the GPI, and Positive Peace, and how a lack of Positive Peace is often a predictor of future increases in conflict. It also looks at the dynamic relationship between changes in Positive Peace and changes in the economy.
The 2019 reports shown that the average level of global peacefulness improved very slightly in the 2019 GPI. This is the first time the index has improved in five years. The average country score improved by 0.09 per cent, with 76 recording deteriorations and 86 countries improving. The 2019 GPI revealed a world in which the conflicts and crises that emerged in the past decade have begun to declined, but new tensions within and between nations have emerged.
According to GPI, Afghanistan is now the least peaceful country in the world, replacing Syria, which is now the second least peaceful. South Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq comprise the remaining five least peaceful countries.
The trend in peacefulness since 2008 shows that global peacefulness has deteriorated by 3.78 per cent, with 81 GPI countries recording a deterioration, and 81 improving, highlighting that deteriorations in peacefulness are generally larger than improvements. The index has deteriorated for eight of the last twelve years, with the last improvement in peacefulness before 2019 occurring in 2014. Seventeen of the 23 GPI indicators are less peaceful on average in 2019 when compared to 2008.
Two of the three GPI domains deteriorated over the past decade, with Ongoing Conflict deteriorating by 8.69 per cent and Safety and Security deteriorating by 4.02 per cent. Terrorism and internal conflict have been the greatest contributors to the global deterioration in peacefulness. One hundred and four countries recorded increased terrorist activity, while only 38 improved, and the total number of conflict deaths increased by 140 per cent between 2006 and 2017.
Violence continues to have a significant effect economic performance around the globe. In the ten countries most affected by violence, the average economic cost of violence was equivalent to 35 per cent of GDP, compared to just 3.3 per cent in the countries least affected by violence.
Syria, Afghanistan and the Central African Republic (CAR) incurred the largest economic cost of violence in 2018 as a percentage of their GDP, equivalent to 67, 47 and 42 per cent of GDP, respectively.
The economic impact of violence model includes data on suicide for the first time in the 2019 GPI. The report finds that the economic impact of suicide is higher than that of Armed Conflict, amounting to $737 billion in 2018.
(Sahar News)

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