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The Global Arms Control Architecture “Collapses”: The UN

GENEVA – International arms control system is on the verge of collapse, UN chief said Monday, urging Russia and the United States to end the impending collapse of a nuclear treaty crucial, AFP reported Tuesday.
Secretary General Antonio Guterres used a speech at the United Nations Disarmament Conference to warn that one of the cornerstones of diplomatic success over the last fifty years – arms control – was in “grave danger”.
“I will be frank: The key components of the international arms control architecture are collapsing,” Guterres said.
The US has initiated the process of evacuating the intermediate-range nuclear forces treaty in response to Moscow’s deployment of missile 9M729, seducing Russia to announce its own withdrawal.
“We simply can not afford to return to the unbridled nuclear competition of the darkest days of the cold war,” Guterres said.
“I call on the parties to the INF Treaty to use the time left to engage in a sincere dialogue on the various issues raised,” he added.
The collapse of the 1987 treaty, which banned missiles launched from the ground with a range of 500-500 km, raised fears of a new arms race in Europe.
The US withdrawal is not expected to come into effect until August, leaving six months to save the treaty. Few people expect this to happen and NATO has warned that the world should prepare for the abolition of the pact.
Guterres recalled that despite a lack of mutual trust, the United States, the former Soviet Union and later Russia have agreed on a series of arms control agreements through a commitment to strict verification, which has become “one of the characteristics of international security”.
He expressed the hope that countries would reiterate the principles of verification and compliance in order to reach urgent agreements on nuclear weapons and new technologies, such as “hypersonic weapons that can be used to launch attacks. at an unprecedented speed “.
UN-supported negotiations are underway to regulate the use of so-called killer robots, or weapons that can deploy lethal force without a human being making the final decision to strike.
But these discussions took place at an icy pace, activists accusing great powers of dragging their feet.
“We need a new vision of arms control in today’s complex international security environment,” he added.
(Sahar News Monitoring Desk)

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